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【转载】卡尔布科Calbuco火山爆发  

2015-04-23 23:41:28|  分类: 天文地理 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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在智利火山已休眠奠定了超过40年却突然爆发,引起了厚厚的羽毛灰云的天空,而数千生活在它的阴影的人被迫逃离。
Up in smoke: Volcano Calbuco, in southern Chile, has erupted forcing 1,500 residents from Ensenada, about 10 miles away,  to flee their homes (pictured, a view of the eruption from Puerto Montt, a small city around 20 miles from the volcano)
在烟:火山卡尔布科,在智利南部,爆发迫使1500名居民从恩塞纳达,约10英里远,逃离家园(如图,从蒙特港,一个小城市从火山口约20英里爆发的视图)
火山卡尔布科,在该国南部,被认为是其中智利的90座活火山三个最危险的,但没有受到任何特殊的观察才突然在下午6点左右当地时间涌现融入生活。
智利中南部地区的卡尔布科火山22日突然喷发,当地政府已开始紧急疏散周围20公里范围内的居民。
智利国家紧急事务办公室说,经过43年的沉寂,卡尔布科火山于当日下午喷发,很快形成了几千米高的火山灰柱,升腾的黑烟形成巨大的蘑菇云。
智利内政与公共安全部长佩奈利略表示,卡尔布科火山所在的兰奇胡亚省和奥克塔伊港区已进入紧急状态,警方正在协助当地居民疏散到安全地带。
据估计,1500人被迫逃离恩塞纳达附近的镇爆发后,虽然一些较小的乡镇,也被清除。
Boom: The eruption sent a huge plume of gas and ash soaring into the atmosphere which was visible from up to 100 miles away (pictured, the scene in Puerto Varas, around 25 miles away)
景气:火山喷发的气体发出的巨大的羽和火山灰飙升到这是距离达100英里可见的大气(如图,现场巴拉斯港,约25英里远)
Unexpected: The volcano last erupted in 1972, and while it is widely believed to be among Chile's most dangerous, it was not under observation before it erupted today (the eruption pictured from Puerto Varas)
意想不到的是:这座火山最后一次爆发是在1972年,虽然它被广泛认为是智利最危险的,这是没有根据的观察才爆发今日(从巴拉斯港喷发图)
Active: Volcano Calbunco is regarded as being among Chile's three most dangerous volcanoes, and is part of an active chain of around 500 that cover the south of the country
活动:火山Calbunco被认为是其中智利的三个最危险的火山,并且是大约500活跃链的一部分,涵盖了国南部
Panic: Residents from Ensenada described 'apocalypse scenes' after the volcano erupted about 6pm local time, with local authorities setting up a 12.5-mile exclusion zone around it
恐慌:从恩塞纳达居民描述“世界末日场景”后,火山爆发下午6点左右当地时间,与当地政府建立它周围的12.5英里禁区
Smoke and lava can be seen spewing from the Calbuco volcano in this picture taken from the shores of Lake Llanquihue in Puerto Varas
浓烟和熔岩可以看出,从卡尔布科火山在这张照片从延基韦湖的巴拉斯港岸边拍摄喷涌
An electrical storm lights up the night sky as a huge column of ash and lava shoots out of the volcano. The eruption sparked a red alert in the port city of Puerto Montt
雷电天气照亮了夜空的巨大的火山灰和熔岩笋柱而出的火山。火山喷发的港口城市蒙特港的引发了红色警报
该火山位于附近的旅游城市巴拉斯港和城市蒙特港,南智利首都圣地亚哥一点点620多英里。
国家矿业和地质局颁发的高度警惕,建立火山周围12.5英里的禁区,禁止进入该地区。
特雷弗·莫法特,谁住在恩塞纳达,从火山口的一些6英里说,火山喷发发生无预警。火山卡尔布科的最后一次大规模喷发发生在1961年,用微弱的喷发在1972年之后。
The Calbuco volcano in southern Chile erupted for the first time in more than five decades on Wednesday, sending a thick plume of ash and smoke several kilometres into the sky
该卡尔布科火山在智利南部爆发的第一次在超过五十年周三,发送厚厚缕缕火山灰和浓烟几公里而起
Explosion: Residents in nearby Puerto Varas go about their business while in the background the ash cloud from Volcano Calbuco is seen
爆炸:在附近的巴拉斯港居民去了解他们的业务,而在后台的火山灰从火山卡尔布科被认为是
Destructive: Volcanoes occur at the edges of tectonic plates which make up the earth's crust, either where these plates are moving toward or away from one another. Eruptions occur when magma  forces its way to the surface, exploding through weak points in the crust
Destructive: Volcanoes occur at the edges of tectonic plates which make up the earth's crust, either where these plates are moving toward or away from one another. Eruptions occur when magma  forces its way to the surface, exploding through weak points in the crust
破坏力:火山出现在板块从而弥补了地壳的边缘,无论是在哪里,这些板块正在靠近或远离彼此。当岩浆强制的方式向表面喷发发生,通过薄弱点在地壳爆炸
Plume: While most people think of volcanoes as spewing lava, many eruptions take the form of super-heated gas and ash which is pushed through the earth's crust, covering the sky
羽:虽然大多数人认为的火山喷涌的火山熔岩,火山喷发多采取超热气体和火山灰它是通过地壳推的形式,覆盖了天空
Not another one: Southern Chile is a sparsely populated region of high volcanic activity. In March, volcano Villarrica, about 155 miles to the North, also erupted in spectacular fashion, sending a plume of ash and lava high into the sky
Not another one: Southern Chile is a sparsely populated region of high volcanic activity. In March, volcano Villarrica, about 155 miles to the North, also erupted in spectacular fashion, sending a plume of ash and lava high into the sky
不是另一个:智利南部是高火山活动的地区人烟稀少。今年三月,火山比亚里卡,约155公里到北,也爆发了壮观的时尚,发送的火山灰和熔岩的一缕缕高入云霄
他说:“这听起来像一个大拖拉机拖车路过的道路上,剑拔弩张,摇晃,喉音隆隆......我们离开那里的一切,抓起我的孩子,我的狗,赶紧上车与我的妻子。
莫法特先生,谁最初是在加拿大出生,说他现在驾驶他的家人巴拉斯港。他补充说:“所有的邻居都外,很多年轻人哭了。世界末日式的反应。“
电视画面显示,一个壮观的蘑菇状柱滚滚直冲云霄,偶尔灯光拍摄的螺栓穿过它。火山喷发被认为可达100英里远的邻国阿根廷。
Danger: Residents from nearby towns said people were crying in the streets after the volcano erupted without warning at 6pm local time
危险:从附近的城镇居民后表示,火山喷发没有在下午6点当地时间警告人们在哭在街头
Shocking: While the first eruption occurred in the middle of the afternoon, the plume of ash and smoke was visible well into the evening from towns 100 miles away in Argentina
Shocking: While the first eruption occurred in the middle of the afternoon, the plume of ash and smoke was visible well into the evening from towns 100 miles away in Argentina
令人震惊:虽然第一喷发发生在下午的中间,火山灰和烟雾的羽是可见的顺利进入,从城镇傍晚百英里远在阿根廷
Blanket: The last major eruption here was in 1961 when lava flows filled the top crater before spilling down the sides and into a nearby lake. There was another minor eruption in 1972
橡皮布:这里的最后一次大规模喷发是在1961年,当熔岩流前倾泄而下的两侧,到附近的湖中充满了顶部的火山口。还有一个小的爆发,1972年
Distant: A view of the ash cloud from the Nahuel Huapi lake, around 100 miles away from the volcano in neighbouring Argentina
遥远的:一个在邻国阿根廷的火山灰云从纳韦尔瓦皮湖,大约100英里远的火山景色
德里克路,巴拉斯港居民,,说:“有很多人在街上,许多标题到加油站加满气。一个朋友告诉我,以填补??一切,我们有水。“
智利位于太平洋“环火”,拥有第二大火山链中的世界印尼后,包括大约500名有潜在活跃。
今年三月,火山比亚里卡,也是在智利南部,爆发惊人的方式,发送的火山灰和熔岩的一缕缕高入云霄,但很快就平息了。
火山出现在板块从而弥补了地壳的边缘,无论是在哪里,这些板块正在靠近或远离彼此。当从地核的岩浆迫使其方式表面喷发发生,经过地壳的薄弱点爆炸。
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